Q1. Who played the leading role in the unification of Germany?
(A) German Emperor (formerly King of Prussia) – Kaiser William I
(B) Otto Von Bismarck (Prussian Chief Minister)
(C) Johann Gottfried Herder – German philosopher
(D) Austrian Chancellor – Duke Metternich
Q2. Three wars over seven years with Austria, Denmark , Germany and France ended in –
(A) Danish victory
(B) Prussian victory
(C) French victory
(D) German victory
Q3. The political and constitutional changes brought about by the French Revolution were
(A) it ended the absolute monarchy
(B) it transferred power to a body of the French citizens
(C) it proclaimed that henceforth people would constitute the nation and shape its destiny
(D) all the above
Q4. What does blindfolded woman carrying a pair of weighing scales symbolise?
Q5. What was the main intention behind ‘Treaty of Vienna of 1815’?
(A) Restore republics
(B) Restore democracies
(C) Restore monarchies
(D) None of these
Q6. What did ‘Das Volk’ stand for?
(B) Factory workers
(C) Slum dwellers
(D) common people
Q7. Which of the following is true with reference to Romanticism?
(A) concept of government by consent
(B) freedom of markets
(C) cultural movements
(D) freedom of an individual
Q8. ‘Nationalism’, which emerged as a force in the late 19th century, means
(A) strong devotion for one’s own country and its history and culture.
(B) strong devotion for one’s own country without appreciation for other nations.
(C) strong love for one’s own country and hatred for others.
(D) equally strong devotion for all the countries of the world.
Q9. Ernst Renan believed that the existence of nations is a necessity because
(A) it ensures protection to all inhabitants.
(B) it ensures liberty to all inhabitant citizens.
(C) it ensures Parliamentary form of government to its inhabitants.
(D) it ensures jobs and good health to all its inhabitants.
Q10. Which of the following countries did not attend the Congress of Vienna?
Q11. The French revolutionaries declared that the mission and destiny of the French nation was
(A) to conquer the people of Europe.
(B) to liberate the people of Europe from despotism.
(C) to strengthen absolute monarchies in all the countries of Europe.
(D) to propagate the ideals of liberty, equality, and fraternity in every part of the world.
Q12. The Napoleonic Code was exported to which of the following regions?
(C) Regions under French control
Q13. The term ‘Universal Suffrage’ means:
(A) the right to vote and get elected, granted only to men.
(B) the right to vote for all adults.
(C) the right to vote and get elected, granted exclusively to property owning men.
(D) the right to vote and get elected, granted only to educated men and women.
Q14. Which of the following is not a feature or belief of ‘Conservatism’?
(A) Conservatives believe in established, traditional institutions of state and policy.
(B) Conservatives stressed the importance of tradition and preferred gradual development to quick change.
(C) Conservatives proposed to return to the society of pre-revolutionary days and were against the ideas of modernisation to strengthen monarchy.
(D) Conservatives believed in the monarchy, church, and other social hierarchies.
Q15. What helped in the formation of a nation-state in Britain?
(A) The formation of a nation-state in Britain was the result of a sudden upheaval.
(B) In 1688, the monarchy in Britain had seized the power from English Parliament.
(C) The parliament through a bloodless revolution seized power from the monarchy which gradually led to the emergence of a nation-state.
(D) The British nation was formed as a result of a war with Scotland and Wales