16. If there is a clash between the laws made by the state and the center on a subject in the concurrent list
(a) the central law prevails.
(b) the state law prevails.
(c) the supreme court has to intervene to decide.
(d) both the laws prevail in their respective jurisdiction.
17. Which of the following subjects are included in the ‘State list’?
(a) Police, trade, commerce, agriculture and irrigation
(b) Education, forests, trade unions, marriages, adoption and succession
(c) Defense, foreign affairs, banking, currency and communications
(d) Residuary subjects like computers
18. In India’s federal system, the state government consists of the power to legislate on all those
subjects that are included in which of the following list?
(a) State list
(b) Concurrent list
(c) Union list
(d) Residuary subjects
19. Which of the given subjects is not included in the State List?
(a) National defence
(b) Law and order
20. Identify the government that consists of two or more levels.
(a) Coalition government
(b) Community government
(c) Unitary government
(d) Federal government
21. Identify the distinguishing feature of a federal government.
(a) Power is distributed between the legislature, executive and judiciary.
(b) National government gives some powers to the provincial government.
(c) Governmental power is divided between different levels of government.
(d) Elected official exercise supreme power in the government.
22. The constitution of India has
(a) divided the power between centre and state into three lists.
(b) divided the power between center and state into two lists.
(c) listed the powers of state and left undefined powers to the state.
(d) specified the powers of the state and left the residuary powers with the state.
23. The number of seats reserved for women in the panchayats and municipalities is
24. ‘Holding together’ federations are not found in
25. Subjects like computer software comes in
(a) Union List
(b) State List
(c) Concurrent List
(d) Residuary Powers
26. The number of scheduled languages in India is
27. What is the third tier of the government known as?
(a) Village panchayat
(b) State government
(c) Local-self government
(d) Zila Parishad
28. What is true regarding sources of revenue in a federal system?
(a) States have no financial powers or independent sources of revenue.
(b) States are dependent for revenue or funds on the central government.
(c) Sources of revenue for each level of government are clearly specified to ensure its financial autonomy.
(d) States have no financial autonomy.
29. Which of the following is incorrect regarding a unitary government?
(a) There is either only one level of government or sub-units are subordinate to the Central Government.
(b) The Central Government can pass on orders to the Provincial Government
(c) A State Government is conservable to the Central Government.
(d) The powers of State Governments are guaranteed by the Constitution.
30. What are the kinds of routes through which federations have been formed?
(a) One route involves independent states coming together on their own to form a bigger unit.
(b) The second route is where a large country decides to divide its powers between the states and the national government.
(c) Both (a) and (b)
(d) None of these